Evolving Innovation: The One-North Innovation District in Singapore

How Strategic Master Planning and Dynamic Leadership Fostered a Thriving Innovation Hub
leading companies and global institutions in high-tech and knowledge-intensive industries
working population
residents living in the area

What was the goal?

The goal of the Singapore Biopolis project was to establish a vibrant science community by attracting global talents and creating a world-class research ecosystem. The objective was to transform Singapore into a knowledge-based economy, focusing particularly on the biomedical sector. The problem addressed was the lack of a robust scientific infrastructure and the need to elevate Singapore's position in the global scientific community.The goal of the One-North Innovation District was to create an integrated R&D and innovation hub in Singapore, as part of the broader Technopreneurship 21 (T21) strategy. Initially conceptualized in 1991 and launched in 2001, the project aimed to support high-tech industrial activities, foster R&D, and develop an innovation ecosystem. The primary problem addressed was the need to transition Singapore's economy towards high-value, knowledge-based activities and to create a focal point for innovation and entrepreneurial endeavors.


  1. Strategic Master Planning: The One-North district was designed to integrate research, innovation, and startup activities with educational institutes, residential, commercial, and recreational amenities. This master plan included developing distinct precincts such as Biopolis, Fusionopolis, and Mediapolis to focus on biomedical sciences, physical sciences/engineering, ICT, and digital media.
  2. Championing Leadership: Key actors, particularly Philip Yeo, played crucial roles in driving the development. Yeo's efforts in championing the biomedical sciences sector led to the rapid development of Biopolis. His strategic initiatives included creating public research institutes and attracting top global scientists and young researchers.
  3. Public-Private Collaboration: The development strategy emphasized collaboration between public research institutes, private companies, and universities. This included the establishment of Launchpad@One-North, a startup hub created through the joint efforts of NUS Enterprise, MDA's iJam program, and Singtel Innov8.
  4. Adaptive Policies and Environmental Factors: The project evolved in response to changing environmental factors and the dynamic interactions of critical actors. This included adapting to new funding mechanisms, policy shifts, and leveraging opportunities like the construction of the One-North MRT station to enhance accessibility and attract more startups.


The One-North Innovation District successfully attracted over 400 leading companies and global institutions, housing approximately 800 startups and supporting a working population of about 50,000 people. The district's flagship precincts, particularly Biopolis, have garnered international recognition and significantly contributed to Singapore's status as a biomedical innovation hub. The startup ecosystem, epitomized by Launchpad@One-North, has become a vibrant and densely packed entrepreneurial ecosystem, making substantial contributions to the value of Singapore's tech startups.

Summing up

The One-North Innovation District exemplifies the evolution of a planned innovation hub into a dynamic and adaptive ecosystem. Strategic planning, championing leadership, public-private collaboration, and responsive policy adaptations were key to its success. This case study underscores the importance of integrating physical space development with comprehensive innovation ecosystem strategies and highlights the critical role of individual champions in driving large-scale innovation projects.

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